Fortkochi , one of Kerala’s hottest tourist spot has its stunning location between the
Arabian Sea and the backwaters. It’s also known as the Queen of the Arabian Sea
The city’s extraordinary foreign influence has left back a rich assortment
of architectural styles which are the main focus of interest for all.
Kochi was born in 1341,when a flood created a natural safe port that swiftly replaced Muziris (Kodungallur,50km north) as the chief harbour on the Malabar coastline.The royal family transferred here from Muziris in 1405,after which the city grew rapidly,attracting Christian,Arab and Jewish settlers from the Middle East.Its name probably derives from kocchazhi,meaning the new, or small,harbour.The history of the European involvement in Kochi from the early 1500s onwards is dominated by the aggression of, successively, the Portuguese,Dutch and British,competing to control the port and its lucrative spice trade.From 1800 the state of Cochin was part of the British Madras Presidency; from 1812 until Independence in 1947,its administration was made the responsibility of a series of divan, or finance ministers. In the 1920s, the British expanded the port to make it suitable for modern ocean-going ships; extensive dredging created Willingdon Island, between Ernakulam and Fort. During a wander through their narrow lanes, you will stumble upon spice markets, Chinese fishing nets, a synagogue, a Portuguese palace, India's first European church, Dutch homes, and a village green that could have been transported from England's Home Counties. The city is also one of the few places in Kerala where, at any time of year, you can be assured of seeing Kathkali dance,either in one of several special tourist theatres or at a more authentic performance by a temple based company.